If you have already reached this point, well congratulations! You are a few steps away from finishing your thesis. We know that the road has been arduous, but consider how much you have advanced, everything learned and how close you are to the goal. When you are about to present the results it is because you have completed all the methodological procedure and have obtained the statistical analysis of the data that you managed to collect. Now it is time to make the report of the results, in such a way that their communication is clear, precise and not misleading.
As it is a thesis, the information must be very well exposed so that the jury, students or colleagues can fully understand the scope of all your work. Imagine that the project you have done is perfect, but the results are not well explained. It is difficult to think that you can err on this point! However, it is surprising how often it happens.
Stumbling just when it is finished can tear down the entire investigation. Also, keep in mind that the jury will question several or all aspects of your thesis, will ask you about your arguments and affirmations and, of course, will verify if you have fulfilled your objectives.
To present your results, think about the motivation of your study and the hypotheses of your research. It is precisely at this point, when you can check whether your hypothesis has been fulfilled or not. However, it is much more important to study the scope of goals, the completion of all proposed activities and the general purpose of all your work.
The results section is often placed in a separate chapter, after the methodological framework. As you can see, it is a logical derivation of the measurement design and its application in your research.
In short, the aim is to interpret the significance of the data that was collected and how they relate to, explain, describe or condition the study problem. When you made the observation and recording of the data, you proceeded to perform a statistical analysis of them. With this activity you could measure the variables, note the similarities and differences between them; then codified to then tabulate and graph. That means performing a first analysis of the data.
However, the work must be completed and that is where the results come in, which are nothing else than the interpretation of the statistical analysis of the data obtained. That is, how they should be understood in light of your research topic. Strictly speaking, reporting the results is to perform a new analysis of data, but this time, as a researcher, you must propose how they should be understood, what they contribute and what they justify.
STEPS TO REPORT AND PRESENT THE RESULTS
1- Make a first descriptive report of the results, that is, present the result of the measurement and coding of the data in detail. As they have been obtained, without omitting any aspect.
2- Make a referential interpretation to give an account of how the questions exposed in the approach to the problem have been answered and if the hypotheses have been tested.
It is important to remember that if the hypothesis is not checked it is not cause for alarm. It is the process to reach that information that counts, since even denying a possibility requires an investigation. So it is still considered a very valuable result for future theses.
Reporting and presenting the results does not mean that you are going to offer conclusions or suggestions. You are simply going to expose your findings or discoveries. You should not report a result for each data collected, but you should do so with the most relevant ones for your research topic. It is about filtering the information and showing what is most relevant. Do not think that you are deliberately omitting results, because remember that before this step you should report in detail the descriptive analysis of the data measurement.